mercredi 4 juillet 2012
ADVICE ON FOOD LABEL READING esp for AMERICAN INDIANS AND ASIANS IN ASIA
Effect of macronutrient composition of weight loss diets on reduction of the inflammatory marker hsCRP
Published on 12th June 2012
High sensitivity CRP (hsCRP), a marker of systemic inflammation, is associated with obesity and is an independent predictor for cardiovascular disease. Although practitioners may prescribe weight loss and/or special diets to treat systemic inflammation, little is known about how diets differing in fat, protein, or carbohydrate composition affect hsCRP.
In the two-year POUNDS (Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies) LOST trial, overweight and obese adults were randomly allocated to one of four weight loss diets with targeted percentages of energy derived from fat/protein/carbohydrates (20/15/65%; 20/25/55%; 40/15/45%; 40/25/35%, respectively). All participants received tailored diet prescriptions with a 750-kilocalorie deficit from energy expenditure, and an intensive behavioral program accompanied all diet assignments. hsCRP as well as cardiovascular and metabolic factors were measured at baseline, 6, and 24 months among 710 participants.
There was a 25% (IQR +7%, -50%) decrease in hsCRP at 6 months in all trial participants, as well as 7% (IQR -3%, -11%) weight loss and a reduction in waist circumference by 6% (IQR -3%, -10%) (all p <.002), with no significant differences observed according to randomized dietary composition. Irrespective of diet composition, the percent change in hsCRP at 6 and 24 months correlated modestly with change in weight, waist circumference, fasting insulin, fasting glucose, HOMA (homeostasis model assessment of insulin sensitivity), and most lipid levels. Reductions in hsCRP persisted throughout the study period despite an approximate 50% regain of weight by 24 months.
hsCRP decreased equally on all four weight loss diets, and was associated with improvements in lipids and metabolic factors. Findings from this study suggest that macronutrient composition is not an important component of weight loss diets designed to reduce inflammation.
I have always felt that the reason for the failure of so many “medical nutritional therapies” is due to overemphasis on micronutrients and not on the quality of the food. Not all calories are the same, the calories in a Regular Coca Cola sweetened with High Fructose Corn Syrup enters a different metabolic pathway than the calories , the same amount, given as Vegetables or Fruits or A slice of Salmon.. Long ago in Australia they had demonstrated that not all carbohydrates are the same, since carbohydrates in the European form created more damage than the carbohydrate in the aboriginal form, when fed to the aboriginal people.
So the First Nation or the Indigenous People of this world have the added burden of INAPPROPRIATE macronutrient as well as BAD QUALITY of food. This now can be extended to the newly emerging economies of the Asian Continent as well. India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia are all on a path to grand temples of Diabetes and Obesity.
I have designed my own ADVICE ON FOOD LABEL READING. It was designed for the North American Indians but I get the feeling that it is also good for people of Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Delhi and Beijing and the countries these cities represent..
LOOK AT INGREDIENTS FIRST BEFORE LOOKING AT
How much Carbohydrate? How many Calories? How much Fat? Cholesterol etc..
AVOID ANY INGREDIENT THAT BEGINS WITH ..
PARTIALLY… THIS USUALLY FOLLOWS BY HYDROGENATED
CORN IS A FOUR-LETTER WORD. IT HAS NO ROLE IN THE FOOD YOU BUY SUCH AS BREAD, TOMATO SAUCE .. FRESH CORN IS FINE.
MALTODEXTRIN DEXTROSE, THESE ARE CHILDREN OF HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP. THEY ARE ONE STEP AHEAD OF YOU, NO HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP IT SAYS IN MANY FOOD PRODUCTS NOW.. BUT IT HAS MALTODEXTRIN, DEXTROSE..
CORN is a four-letter word, avoid anything starting with or containing the word CORN, such as corn solids, cornstarch or corn syrup or corn oil.
Then look at the label and put it down if it says
LOW low in cholesterol in a fruit product is deceiving statement of an obvious fact
100% (except in fruit juice) such as 100 per cent Vitamin C, some of the sugar sweetened drinks would say they contain 100 % vitamin C
ONLY as in only 80 calories per serving, but there are 10 servings in the container
NATURAL then why is it in a plastic bottle?
ORIGINAL then where are the imitators?
Then proceed to select the food you want to take home. And all of a sudden you realize how difficult is to find good food in supermarkets in USA.. In more than one supermarket that I have scrutinized, except for the fruits and vegetable, 8 out of 10 edible items sold are not fit for consumption.