mercredi 28 avril 2010

The Indus Valley Civilization



The Archeological ruins of Moenjodaro located on the right bank of the Indus River, around 400 kilometers north of Karachi, in Pakistan's Sindh Province, bears witness to one of the earliest civilizations in teh world, the Indus Civilization. It flourished for about 500 years during the 3rd and 2nd millennium BCE. Its discovery in 1922 brought to light the earliest manifestations of urbanization of South Asia.
While flying to Houston from Paris, I was reading a story about Moenjodaro in the last issue of GEO magazine, there were also pictures of the Bird People, the Mohana. While driving around the expanses of Indian country in the middle of USA, I came across the BBC documentary on radio about the origins of Sanskrit and later was able to watch the long documentary on TV in Miami. It also mentioned Moenjadaro as one of the routes through which Sanskrit arrived in India. At the time of Moenjadaro, both Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations were at their peak, so was a civilization in Turkmenistan and Turkey, but not to the same extent. Thus Sanskrit has been connected through these civilization to its possible origin in Turkey, since it must have arrived in India through the peopling of India with various outsiders.
Unfortunately, Indus civilization is linked with India and the site is in Pakistan, thus it had fallen prey to the neuroticism between the countries, only 2.5% of the site has been excavated and currently the efforts are to delay the deterioration of the structures which has stood the ravages of time.
Constructed exclusively of brick this Bronze age metropolis presents a high degree of social organization, which is particularly illustrated by the sophisticated water system including wells in nearly all households, as well as the carefully designed urban plan. It was one of the first to to be inscribed on the World Heritage List.